December 5, 2021


Let'S Talk Law

Popular Misconceptions on Contracting with Developers in Russia and Suggestions for Agreement Critique and Negotiation

There are generally misconceptions in link with negotiating intellectual residence (IP) growth agreements with developers found in Russia. This publish particulars 5 common misconceptions and supplies strategies for complying with relevant guidelines in relationship with these kinds of agreements.

Misunderstanding #1: Own facts of Russian citizens ought to be often saved in Russia and can’t be transferred.


Private information of Russian citizens have to initially be collected in neighborhood databases, but then can be copied to any other database. Such copying would be viewed as a “cross-border transfer,” but cross-border transfers of details, including transfers to both equally international entities and databases, are allowed beneath Russian law.

Idea: Cross-border transfers are subject matter to compliance with the needs of the Russian Personalized Details Legislation, which involve, between other demands, (1) lawful ground for transfer (an individual’s consent or other) and (2) info transfer agreements or information processing agreements, even in intra-group transfers.

Misunderstanding #2: Any agreement with Russian builders need to be ruled by Russian regulation.


If the transaction consists of a so-named “foreign element” (e.g., a overseas entity, a piece of international IP embedded in the program), then the settlement may possibly be governed by overseas legislation at the parties’ discretion. English or US regulation, with customary protections and liability provisions, is often utilized for advanced technologies growth jobs with Russian builders.

Suggestion: You will continue to need to comply with required Russian law specifications applicable to the agreements that are governed by foreign legislation.

Suggestion: Get ready agreements in a bilingual (English-Russian) format.

Misunderstanding #3: Russian developers can’t assign IP legal rights, and these legal rights vest with the builders eternally.

Partially Legitimate

The Russian Civil Code does not permit the assignment of moral legal rights, and any waiver of moral legal rights is unenforceable. Even so, other IP rights—and most importantly, proprietary (unique) rights—are absolutely assignable.

Suggestion: An arrangement with a Russian developer may perhaps make it possible for the assignee to use the produced IP without mentioning the developer’s (author’s) title.

Idea: Constantly evaluate the fundamental employment agreements to verify the Russian equal of the “work for hire” concept is incorporated.

False impression #4: Advancement of any technology in Russia demands acquiring an encryption license from the Federal Safety Company.

Partly True

Specific actions have to have a point out license (e.g., enhancement and manufacture of computer software that has embedded encryption). On the other hand, if the technologies will use a third-social gathering encryption instrument or a third-celebration encrypted conversation channel, a state license is not essential.

Suggestion: Export control restrictions apply to the transfer of sure kinds of technologies. These limitations consist of the prerequisite to attain a qualification certificate from the Federal Services for Specialized and Export Manage (FSTEK).

Misunderstanding #5: Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine have the exact same rules.


Though their remedy of IP rights and technology might be related in selected scenarios, Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine are diverse jurisdictions and have legislation and regulations that differ noticeably.

Suggestion: Often take into account engagement of area counsel to suggest on related regional legislation and polices.